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  • September 20, 2019

Terpenes in Cannabis Guide –All you Need to Know

Terpenes in Cannabis Guide –All you Need to Know

Terpenes in Cannabis Guide –All you Need to Know

Terpenes in Cannabis Guide –All you Need to Know 507 271 Guest
*The Thoughts And The Opinions Expressed Herein This Article Do Not Reflect The Brand Of The Relief Leaf. Their Opinions And Views Are Solely Their Own.*
The Following Is A Guest Post From Mikaela Smith 

We have been charmed by terpenes for thousands of years, enjoying the aromas and flavors of certain cannabis strains.  

In addition to the fragrances and tastes, we have continuously benefited from the various collection of the medicinal and nutritional perspectives found in terpenes. Terpenoids likely make up the unique largest family of chemical mixtures available from around the world, to botanists and apothecaries alike for use in compounding remedies and medicine. 

Terpenoids are the compounds responsible for a plant’s aroma. They are located within the resin glands or trichomes. They interact with cannabinoids, which supports to specify a given marijuana strain individual quality like Indica dominant marijuana seeds. Below you will discover about terpenes in cannabis and what you need to know.

Terpenes

Compounds labeled as terpenes constitute what is arguably the largest and most distinct class of natural products. A preponderance of these compounds is located only in plants, but some of the broader and more complex terpenes occur in animals. 

Terpenes may be considered to be made up of isoprene units, more accurately isopentane, an empirical feature known as the isoprene rule. Because of this, terpenes are subdivided as monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, sesterterpenes, and triterpenes. 

Monoterpenes

terpenes in cannabis

Monoterpenes are a variety of terpenes that consist of two isoprene units, monoterpenes and monoterpenoids.

They have significance to the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, agricultural, and food industries.

Sesquiterpenes

Sesquiterpenes are less volatile than other terpenes that have a stronger odor. They may be anti-inflammatory and have antibacterial properties.

Diterpenes

diterpenes

Source: eurekaselect.com

Diterpenes are the most important plant metabolites. Diterpenes have drawn increased in recognition because of their exceptional biological and pharmacological activities. These compounds can be used in therapy against ovarian, breast, and lung cancer. 

Sesterterpenoids

Sesterterpenoids are a rare terpene type with largely unexplored chemical diversity and bioactivities, signifying as a potential new drug source. These compounds are structurally diverse and have a comprehensive spectrum of biological activities, ranging from anti-inflammatory, anticancer, cytotoxic, and antimicrobial bioactivities.

Triterpenes

Triterpenes display a wide anatomical diversity and its biological activity may be useful for the development of cosmetics and drugs, in addition to be economically important as natural medicines. A recent study shows that the triterpenes are a class of molecules with a notable promise that leads to the development of new drugs to treat skin injury.

Terpenoids

Terpenoids likely make up the largest family of chemical mixtures available from around the world, to botanists and apothecaries alike for use in compounding remedies and medicine.  

It is said that terpenoids may help prevent metabolic disorders, combat cancer, possess anti-aging advantages and more.[1] 

Terpenes and terpenoids are two types of naturally occurring compounds that are formally derived from isoprene. Isoprene is a typical organic compound in its absolute form it is a colorless volatile liquid produced by many plants and animals including humans. The difference between terpenes and terpenoids is that terpenoids are a oxidized form of terpenes, the dry and cured buds of a cannabis plant. 

Terpenes Potential Benefits

Terpenes act as an important part of distinguishing the effects of various cannabis strains. Some terpenes promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others improve focus and acuity. The growth of terpenes in cannabis began for contributing objectives: to deflect predators and lure pollinators. There are many circumstances that affect a plant’s development of terpenes, including age and maturation, climate, fertilizers, soil type, weather, and even the time of day.

Over 100 various terpenes have been distinguished in the cannabis plant, and every strain leads toward a unique terpene type and composition. The distinct taste of cannabis flavors is remarkable enough, but arguably the most interesting aspect of terpenes is their ability to interact synergistically with other composites in the plant, like cannabinoids. In the past few years of breeding and analysis, most cannabis species have been bred to carry high levels of THC, and as a result, other cannabinoids like CBD have decreased to just trace amounts. This has led many to conclude that terpenes play a key role in differentiating the effects of various regular cannabis strains and other genetics.

The cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are a subset of a terpene-derived molecule found in cannabis plants. Thus, all cannabinoids are terpenoids, but not all terpenoids are cannabinoids. They all have comparable structures but have been recorded to have very diverse effects. 

The chemical description includes an array of unique chemical classes: the non-classical cannabinoids, the classical cannabinoids associated with THC and CBD, the eicosanoids linked to the endocannabinoids. Other compounds bind to cannabinoid receptors but are not included in these standard groups.

The interactions with cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are described as a class of terpenophenolic compounds that appear in cannabis and generally occur in the immune and nervous systems of animals. The wider description of cannabinoids pertains to a group of substances that are related structurally to THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) or those that link with cannabinoid receptors.

Cannabinoids are located in highest concentrations inside the trichomes or resin glands found predominantly on the female flowers. 

Find out the top 6 cannabinoids and how they work in our bodies.

Conclusion

Each unique terpene is linked to different effects. As mentioned, some terps promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others promote focus and acuity as well as other beneficial properties. The resulting outline of any given terpene may vary in the presence of other compounds in an event known as the entourage effect and that is why many are arguing about the effects of cannabis on cognitive functioning. More study and research and development are needed to explain each terpenes effects.

References

[1] Plants Against Cancer: A Review on Natural Phytochemicals in Preventing and Treating Cancers and Their Druggability. US National Library of Medicine Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4017674/

 
Terpenes in Cannabis Guide –All you Need to Know 1

Guest Bio:


Mikaela Smith is a young Chemical Engineer and an active advocate for medical cannabis raising awareness. A researcher by day and writer at night. After years of collecting information from hundreds of cannabis experts and institution. She wants to inspire others how we could see the world as haven as she found the safest, most effective relief and hope in medical cannabis.

 

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